What Happens After Your Immigrant Visa Interview

A few steps left before you get your green card

You have finished your immigrant visa interview, and you are nearing the finish line. But there are still a few important steps to get your immigrant visa, and ultimately, your green card.  Here is what to expect at the end of this long road.

If you have not yet had your immigrant visa interview yet, make sure to read up on how to prepare for your visa interview.  There are several important steps, like registering online and getting your medical examination.


What happens at the end of my immigrant visa interview?

Right after your immigrant visa interview, one of three things could happen:

  • The officer tells you that your application is approved and that you will be given instructions when and how you will get your passport, inside of which you will be stamped a visa that allows you to enter the U.S.
  • The officer will inform you that you are denied and provide you with a piece of paper (often blue) with the reasons for the denial.
  • The officer will inform you that there is an issue with your case and that a decision cannot be made.  The officer will give you a piece of paper or document with instructions how to check the status of your case while it is pending.

Will I get my passport back after my immigrant visa interview?

No, your passport will stay with the officer who interviewed you, even if you are approved.  This is to complete the processing of your case and put the actual visa on one of the pages inside your passport.  This normally takes 7-10 days but can take longer depending on which U.S. consulate is processing your immigrant visa application.

How long will it take to get my visa after an immigrant visa interview?

After the visa interview, the consular officer will often hold on to your passport and documents to finish processing your application.  If your immigrant visa application is approved by the consulate, it takes 7 to 10 days to get back your passport.  You can receive your passport in one of two ways.  Either you will receive instructions on when and where to pick up your passport, or you will receive it by mail.  The exact method will depend on which country you are applying from.

How do I check the expiration date on my immigrant visa?

Locate the page in your passport where immigration officer affixed the visa. On the left side of the page, towards the bottom, find where it says “IV Expires On.” Under that is the date of expiration.  Normally an immigrant visa expires 6 months from the date of issue.  You must enter the U.S. before this date.

How do I check my visa type?

Find the page of your passport where US officials stamped your immigrant visa.  You will know it is the correct page because the word “Visa” will appear on the top left corner of the page.  Look at the top right corner of the page and above the words “Case Number” will appear the words “Immigrant Visa.”  If those words appear then you have an immigrant visa, which allows you to come to the U.S. and live permanently.

By when do I have to enter the U.S.?

You usually are given 6 months within which to enter the United States, but to be certain, you will need to check the expiration date on your visa.  It is never too early to enter the U.S. on your immigrant visa.  But if you try enter too late (i.e. after expiration), you will not be allowed in.

How do I know if my immigrant visa is still valid?

Your visa will be in your passport.  On the page of your passport where immigration has put the visa, there is an “issue date” and “expiration date.”  The time between the dates will be 6 months.  In other words, you will be able to use the visa to enter the U.S. for six months from the date of the approval.

After entering on an immigrant visa, how long until I get my green card?

When you receive your passport and immigrant visa, you should also have receive an Immigrant Visa Packet, with instructions.  Then you will be ready to enter the U.S. at a bridge port of entry or airport port of entry.

Once you arrive in the U.S.,  there is one more step.  You must order your actual green card or lawful permanent resident card.

Before  applying for it, you will need to locate two numbers:

  • Your alien number, and
  • Your DOS Case ID

The “Alien Number” or “A-Number”  begins with the letter “A” and is followed by nine numbers (Ex. A200 123 456).  The “DOS Case ID” is the case number that you used to submit and complete your case at the consulate.  The ID number is three letters followed by 9 or 10 numbers (Ex. CDJ201912456).

Once you have found those two numbers you must pay the USCIS immigrant Fee, which is the fee to get your actual card.

  • To begin, go to here.
  • Enter the A-Number and the DOS Case ID in the places where it asks you to enter them.
  • Then you can pay the fee with a credit card or bank account.  The card will be mailed to the mailing address you provided to immigration when you filed for your consulate appointment.
  • If you are going to change addresses, you need to go to here or call 1-800-375-5283 for help.  If you do not receive your card in the mail you should call 1-800-375-5283 for help.

Related Topics

Need more helpful information? We've got you covered.

F1 Visa Work Options: An Immigration Lawyer’s Thoughts

International students on F1 visas often ask if they can work legally. F-1 students can learn more here about whether they can work and where.

Public Charge Rule: Immigration’s New Rules

The Trump Administration has made it harder for immigrants to prove they financially qualify for a green card. Find out more about how to show you are not a public charge.

Common Questions Before Your Visa Interview at the U.S. Consulate or Embassy

You've filed your application for an immigrant visa, and you are awaiting a visainterview at the U.S. consulate or embassy. Here are some answers to common questions.

NVC Case Processing: Answers to Common Questions

If your case is at the National Visa Center, you may have questions about the purpose of the NVC, the length of the visa process, etc. Get answers to commonly asked questions about NVC cases.

NVC Case Delays: Speed Up Your Visa Case

If you are trying to get an immigrant visa through a U.S. consulate, you'll have to first deal with the National Visa Center. Delays can be frustrating for immigrants and lawyers. Find out more about handling NVC case delays.

What to Send the NVC

To get your immigrant visa (and ultimately your green card) through a U.S. Consulate, you'll have to send a lot of documents to the National Visa Center (NVC). Learn more about what you need to send to keep things moving along.

Checking Your NVC Case Status

Working with the National Visa Center to apply for an immigrant visa can take several months, and you'll often be left wondering about your NVC case status. Learn more on checking your NVC case status.

How to Know if the National Visa Center Has Your Case

Many people cannot get a green card without going through the National Visa Center (NVC). But how do you know if the National Visa Center even has your case? Find out more here.

Registering Online Before Your Immigrant Visa Interview

Depending on the consulate, you may have to register online before your immigrant visa interview. On this page we will explain exactly how to do it.

Police Reports for Visa Cases

Most applicants for immigrant visas will need to submit a police certificate, otherwise known as a "police clearance letter." Read below to learn more about what a clearance letter is and how to get it.

Getting a Medical Exam Before Your Visa Interview

A medical exam is required for all green card applicants, including applicants for immigrant visas. There are no exceptions to this rule and, while most applicants have no issues, there are some helpful things to remember that make the process smoother and less stressful.

Immigrant Visa Process: An Overview

Getting an immigrant visa to enter the United States as a lawful permanent resident involves several steps, and doing it yourself is no easy task. Learn more about how your immigrant visa case will be processed.

Visa Case Delays

Delays in visa processing are frustrating. Find out the most common reasons your visa case may get delayed, and what to do about it.